Toran – A Beautiful Way to Welcome Guests to Your Home


Torans are a beautiful way to welcome friends and family to your home. Traditionally, they are tied above doorways to please the Goddess of Wealth Lakshmi and protect the house from evil spirits.

Whether you’re celebrating an engagement or wedding, welcoming guests to your home or simply want to elevate the aesthetic of your pooja space, a toran is a great choice! This festive piece of art can be adorned with tassels, beads, mirrors and more to create a beautiful and elegant decor for any occasion.

The word toran, also spelled Torana, is the Hindi and Sanskrit word for a gateway or arch, or a decoration hung above an entrance. Torans can be woven from silk, cotton and wool, or even embroidered with metal threads. They may be decorated with a wide variety of motifs and patterns, including animals, flowers, gods and goddesses, plants, geometrics, and fractals. They can be shaped into arches, circles, squares or rectangles. Many torans feature religious motifs, like the Ashoka tree or Saraca indicalasoca (pictured) with its coral-red blooms, or mango (Mangifera indica) with its elongated leaves. The word toran is also used to describe the carved, sculpted gateways of Buddhist temples.

The most common torans today are woven of silk and embellished with gold and silver motifs. The use of mirrors and tassel pompoms adds to their decorative value and makes them ideal for weddings, receptions, cultural events, and even hotels. They are often crafted in the shape of arches or circles, and can be decorated with a variety of beads, sequins, tassels and other materials.

Toran – A Beautiful Way to Welcome Guests to Your Home

For a more casual look, a toran can be made from flowers like marigolds. These colorful, festive flowers are a common sight in street markets all over India and are considered sacred to the Goddess of Wealth. They’re also a popular choice for weddings, as they bring the concepts of fertility and protection to the threshold of the new couple’s home. In fact, it’s hard to walk through a wedding without seeing a garland of these dazzling yellow, orange and white flowers.

Rural women have been adorning homes with torans as part of their dowry textile sets since the 19th century, and they come in endless varieties of creative expression. The different embroidery styles, the materials used, the motifs and pendant shapes vary by region and community. In some communities, embroidered torans are now being replaced by mass-produced ones, as the labor involved in handmade textiles has become a major burden on women. However, some communities – such as the Rabari torans of Kutch – are still making handmade textiles.

These ornate hangings aren’t merely decorative; they carry profound cultural significance. Torans are often used during festivals, weddings, and auspicious occasions, symbolizing good luck and positive energy. The intricate designs and vibrant colors of Torans make them a delightful addition to any interior, blending seamlessly with various design styles.

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